Trout fishing remains to be one of the most loved past times in the US as well as in Canada and other parts of the world. Trout fishing has been passed on as a family tradition and remains a part of the American culture. Most men love to fish trout because they come in different varieties and are really quite tasty.
Trout fish usually stay in cool clear rivers, lakes and streams across North America. They may also be found in some areas of Asia and Europe, mostly in fresh and cool waters. Some varieties, like the steelhead migrate into the ocean and matures there, but sooner or later will also return to the cool streams where they stayed during their spawning periods. This migration is often seen in salmons and is known as anadromous reproduction. Migration from fresh to sea water have also been observed among other trout varieties such as the brown trout, brook trout, bull trout and the brook trout.
Trouts come in several varieties, and are often given names based on their differences in color and patterns. There are typically no visible genetic differences among species that live in different environments, except for the color and the patterns. One good example is the cutthroat trout, which now has more than 10 subspecies identified. Although these trout are named differently (examples are Lahontan cutthroat trout, Colorado River cutthroat trout and the Yellowstone cutthroat trout), these species all belong to the same family, and exhibit almost the same genetic characteristics. The brook trout is another example that is differentiated from the aurora trout, because of their colors and patterns, but genetically, they belong to the same family, the Salvenilus fontinalis.
One of the biggest challenges of trout fishing is to find out where trout usually hides. Their colors blend in carefully with their surroundings and as they move to other areas, their patterns and colors will adjust automatically, making it more difficult to find them. Their color changes can also give a clue as to where they live. For example, trouts that are found in the sea look quite white, while its cousins who had lived in small streams would often have green spots and deeper colors.
As trout fishing becomes more popular, some enterprising fishermen have started raising trout on fish farms or hatcheries which are later on returned into fresh water, where over fishing of trout may have happened. This is a good effort towards assuring that the supply of trout will not run out, and that the tradition of trout fishing will be maintained through the ages.
For more useful information on this subject go to: http://www.TroutFishingFlies.org